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Sankhya Darshana through the Sankhya Karika – Part 2

Course content:
It is said, “na hi Sankhya samam gyanam, na hi yoga samam balam “i.e., There is no knowledge like Sankhya, and there is no power like Yoga. Sankhya Darshana was one of the earliest systems of thought that sought a permanent solution to the problems associated with the human condition i.e., birth-death, old age, disease, and sorrow. In seeking such a permanent solution, Sankhya developed a profound epistemology of the cosmos, and the place of the human being within that cosmos. Sankhya proposed that a proper understanding of the twenty-five Tattvas, i.e., the fundamental building blocks of the universe, would lead to a total and permanent solution to human suffering.

In this second part of two-course sequence, the principles of Sankhya philosophy will be taught through the Sankhya Karika of Ishvara Krishna. In the first course we shall study Karikas 31 through 72 deeply.
A karika is a technical name. It usually has two lines like the shlokas of the Bhagavadgītā.  In the part 1, we have covered 1 to 30 Sankhya Karika.  This course in the sequence will cover the remaining 42 Karikas. Students will gain new insights into Sankhya philosophy which is often erroneously labeled as a dualistic atheistic system by many scholars.

Prior knowledge of Sanskrit or Sankhya philosophy is not necessary to take this course. A PDF file of each karika with Devanagari and Roman script along with the word-meanings and brief
explanations will be shared with the students. Additional supplementary reading material will also be provided in PDF form.

Course Learning Objectives:
In this course students will be able to:
a) Understand the fundamentals of Sankhya Philosophy.
b) Get a thorough grasp of the technical Sanskrit terms required.
c) Acquire the foundations to understand other texts also such as the Upanishads and the Bhagavadgītā.
d) Appreciate other schools of philosophy and be inspired to take a deeper study of Vedic systems such as Vedanta, Mimamsa, Yoga, Nyaya, and Vaisheshika.
e) Develop deep insights into the concepts of ‘mind’, ‘atma’, ‘ego’, ‘intellect’ and the creation of the universe.

Class Structure:
There will be a minimum of 1 contact hour of 90 minutes with one or more faculty every week. The class is structured in a way that promotes discussion and debate based on self-study and reflection each week. While the content being discussed in each class will be concluded within 60 minutes, the discussion time will be free format, and can continue for an additional 30 minutes maximum. Students will be expected to write small notes on the Karikas discussed. They need not be academic quality papers – but should be based on students’ self-reflection on what they have learnt and assimilated so far.

Area of Study: Hindu Studies Foundation

Program:  Community Education Program

Required/ Elective: Elective

Prerequisites: Admission into program of study.

Faculty: Dr. Kuldip Dhiman

Time: 09:00 pm EST – 10:30 pm EST

Start Date: October 13, 2022

End Date: December 22, 2022

Day: Every Thursday

Quarter Offered: Fall 2022

Sankhya Darshana through the Sankhya Karika – Part I

Course content:
It is said, “na hi Sankhya samam gyanam, na hi yoga samam balam “i.e., There is no knowledge like Sankhya, and there is no power like Yoga. Sankhya Darshana was one of the earliest systems of thought that sought a permanent solution to the problems associated with the human condition i.e., birth-death, old age, disease, and sorrow. In seeking such a permanent solution, Sankhya developed a profound epistemology of the cosmos, and the place of the human being within that cosmos. Sankhya proposed that a proper understanding of the twenty-five Tattvas, i.e., the fundamental building blocks of the universe, would lead to a total and permanent solution to human suffering.

In this two-course sequence, the principles of Sankhya philosophy will be taught through the Sankhya Karika of Ishvara Krishna. In the first course we shall study Karikas 1 through 30 deeply.
A karika is a technical name. It usually has two lines like the shlokas of the Bhagavadgītā. Thus, we shall cover about half of the Sankhya Karika in the first quarter. The second course in the sequence will cover the remaining 42 Karikas. Students will gain new insights into Sankhya philosophy which is often erroneously labeled as a dualistic atheistic system by many scholars.

Prior knowledge of Sanskrit or Sankhya philosophy is not necessary to take this course. A PDF file of each karika with Devanagari and Roman script along with the word-meanings and brief
explanations will be shared with the students. Additional supplementary reading material will also be provided in PDF form.

Course Learning Objectives:
In this course students will be able to:
a) Understand the fundamentals of Sankhya Philosophy.
b) Get a thorough grasp of the technical Sanskrit terms required.
c) Acquire the foundations to understand other texts also such as the Upanishads and the Bhagavadgītā.
d) Appreciate other schools of philosophy and be inspired to take a deeper study of Vedic systems such as Vedanta, Mimamsa, Yoga, Nyaya, and Vaisheshika.
e) Develop deep insights into the concepts of ‘mind’, ‘atma’, ‘ego’, ‘intellect’ and the creation of the universe.

Class Structure:
There will be a minimum of 1 contact hour of 90 minutes with one or more faculty every week. The class is structured in a way that promotes discussion and debate based on self-study and reflection each week. While the content being discussed in each class will be concluded within 60 minutes, the discussion time will be free format, and can continue for an additional 30 minutes maximum. Students will be expected to write small notes on the Karikas discussed. They need not be academic quality papers – but should be based on students’ self-reflection on what they have learnt and assimilated so far.

Area of Study: Hindu Studies Foundation

Program:  Community Education Program

Required/ Elective: Elective

Prerequisites: Admission into program of study.

Faculty: Dr. Kuldip Dhiman

Time: 09:00 pm EST – 10:30 pm EST

Start Date: July 14, 2022

End Date: September 22, 2022

Day: Every Thursday

Quarter Offered: Summer 2022

Vedantasara of Sadananda – Part 1

Course content:

This Course is the first course in a two-part course sequence that introduces Advaita Vedanta systematically based on a text called Vedantasara by Sadananda. Advaita Vedanta is the most dynamic and popular of Vaidika Darshanas (philosophies). It is very well formulated, and it answers our fundamental questions regarding life and our human condition. Although there are many texts that deal with the principles of Advaita Vedanta, Vedantasara is a very good entry level text. This Text is prescribed at the Graduate levels at universities in India. What Sankhya Karika is to Sankhya philosophy, Vedantasara is to Advaita Vedanta. Composed in Prose form, the Vedantasara consists of forty-two Gadyanshas. Other Texts such as the Brahmasutra, the Bhagavadgita, Upanishads and other Darshanas will become more accessible once the student acquires a firm foundation in Advaita Vedanta.

In the first course, approximately half the text will be covered, and the second course will cover the remaining portion. Prior knowledge of Sanskrit or Vedanta philosophy is not necessary to take up this course. A PDF file of the main text with Devanagari and Roman script will be shared with the students. In addition, supplementary reading material will be shared in PDF form. Through this course, students will also get initiated into the Sanskrit language.

Course Learning Objectives:
In this course students will be able to:

1)Distinguish the fundamentals of Advaita Vedanta Philosophy, including the nature of Brahman, Maya, Avidya, Vidya, and Samsara.
2)Establish a strong grasp of the technical Sanskrit terms involved such as panchikarnam, Iswara, jiva, smasti, vyasti.
3)Evaluate the view that Advaita advocates renunciation of the world, developing deep insight into the concepts of ‘mind’, ‘ego’, ‘intellect’ and ‘atma’.
4)Discuss the four mahavakyas and correlate the Vedantic teachings of the current text with the Upanishads and the Bhagavadgītā.
5)Demonstrate a deep interest in the Sad Dharshanas, especially the schools such as Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, and Vaisheshika.

Class Structure:

There will be a minimum of 1 contact hour every week. The class is structured in a way that promotes discussion and debate based on self-study and reflection each week. While the content being discussed in each class will be concluded within 60 minutes, the discussion time will be free format, and can continue for an additional 30 minutes maximum. During the course, students will be required answer one assignment at the end of the course. 

A model question paper would be provided quite early in the course so that the students can take guidance from the instructor if necessary.

Area of Study: Texts and Traditions

Program:  Certificate Program in Hindu Studies

Required/ Elective: Elective

Prerequisites: Admission into program of study.

Faculty: Dr. Kuldip Dhiman

Time: 09:00 pm EST – 10:30 pm EST

Start Date: October 12, 2022

End Date: December 21, 2022

Day: Every Wednesday

Quarter Offered: Fall 2022