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Basic Sanskrit Vocabulary and Structure

Course Content

  1. Tenses: Present, past, and future; in both Parasmaipada and Atmanepada forms
  2. The Imperative mood, in both Parasmaipada and Atmanepada forms
  3. The third declension / Instrumental case
  4. Comparing things
  5. Cardinal and ordinal forms of numbers
  6. Synonyms and antonyms
  7. Past participles, gerunds, infinitives
  8. Prefixes, Interrogative words
  9. Simple sentences, stories, and conversations
  10. Pairing words to combine simple sentences
  11. Expanding the vocabulary through categories of words

Learning Objectives: 

In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Expand vocabulary and sentence structure;
  • Develop the ability to use moderately complex expressions;
  • Engage in simple reading and conversation; and
  • Combine words and phrases for short narratives.

Required / Elective: Required 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Program of Study:  Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP)

Prerequisites: Successful completion of SAN-1001 

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu / Sri Srinath Chakravarthy 

Quarter Offered: Summer 2020

Start Date: 8 July 2020

End Date: 18 September 2020

Time: 9:00-10:30 pm EST

Day: Every Wednesday & Friday

Conjugates, Active, Passive, & Impersonal Voices, Sanskrit Literature

Course Content

  1. 4 types of sandhis (svara-sandhi, guNa-sandhi, vRuddhi-sandhi, and yaN-sandhi)
  2. Prose order (anvaya-krama)
  3. Atmanepada verbs
  4. karmaNi-prayoga (Passive voice)
  5. bhAve-prayoga (Impersonal voice)
  6. “kta” usage
  7. Introduction to 4 great poets of Sanskrit literature (vAlmeeki, vyAsa, mAgha, and kAlidAsa)

Learning Objectives: In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Distinguish some of the basic types of conjugates;
  • Express sentences in different voices and verb endings;
  • Capture the essence of the biographies of great poets; and
  • Practice their skills at writing simple stories and essays.

Required / Elective: Required 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Program of Study: Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP)

Prerequisites: Successful completion of SAN-2001 

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu / Sri Srinath Chakravarthy 

Quarter Offered: Summer 2021

Start Date: TBD

End Date: TBD

Day: TBD

Time: TBD

CPSP Beginners-Course 1

Course Structure 

This course is structured in the form of one Quarter (10 weeks, 1.5 hours per week). Students will take a “Sanskrit Script Proficiency Test” at the end of the course during the 11th week. Structured innovatively using the curriculum and textbooks designed by Samskrita Bharati USA (SBusa.org), the course will be based upon material contained in the SB – USA – published books, “AYANAM”, “SAARINEE”, and “PRAPADYAA”, augmented with other appropriate course content.

This course is structured to allow a beginner level student to start listening, writing, and reading the DevanAgari Script ) through a streamlined set of exercises.

Learning Objectives: In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Understand the origin of various sounds in Sanskrit.
  • Pronouncing and writing the Sanskrit alphabets that are single letters, both vowels, and consonants.
  • Pronouncing and writing the Sanskrit combination letters and using them in forming words.
  • Reciting simple Sanskrit verses with the correct pronunciation.
  • Reading and writing simple prose passages in DevanAgari and build basic vocabulary.
  • Completing simple exercises and gaining the right skills required for further studies in Sanskrit.

The course fee includes the cost of tuition, 3 textbooks and shipping & handling cost of the textbooks.

Required / Elective: Required 

Program of Study: Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP) 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Prerequisites: None

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu Sri Srinath  S Chakravarthy

Quarter Offered: Fall 2020

Start Date: 24 September 2020

End Date: 10 December 2020

Day: Every Thursday

Time: 9:00-10:30pm EST

CPSP Beginners-Course 2

Course Structure 

This course is structured in the form of one Quarter (10 weeks, 1.5 hours per week). Students will take a “Sanskrit Script Proficiency Test” at the end of the course during the 11th week. Structured innovatively using the curriculum and textbooks designed by Samskrita Bharati USA (SBusa.org), the course will be based upon material contained in the SB – USA – published books, “AYANAM”, “SAARINEE”, and “PRAPADYAA”, augmented with other appropriate course content.

This course is structured to allow a beginner level student to start listening, writing, and reading the DevanAgari Script ) through a streamlined set of exercises.

Required / Elective: Required 

Program of Study: Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP) 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Prerequisites: None

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu 

Quarter Offered: Fall 2020

Start Date: 22 September 2020

End Date: 8 December 2020

Day: Every Tuesday

Time: 9:00-10:30pm EST

Nouns and Declensions In Sanskrit

Course Content

  1. The first declension / Nominative case
  2. Introduction to rAmAyaNam
  3. The second declension / Objective case, the simple present tense
  4. Introduction to nAtya-shAstram
  5. The third declension / Instrumental case, the future tense
  6. Introduction to pancha-tantram
  7. The third declension / Instrumental case, the imperative mood
  8. Introduction to vyakarana-shAstram
  9. The fourth declension / Dative case
  10. Introduction to mahAbhAratam
  11. The fifth declension / Ablative case
  12. Introduction to darshana-shAstram

Learning Objectives: In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Distinguish and Classify noun declensions;
  • Appreciate basic verses from select passages;
  • Examine and Recognize the grammatical outline of Sanskrit;
  • Practice reading, writing, and composing simple passages; and
  • Use different parts of speech and their variations.

Required / Elective: Required 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Program of Study: Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP)

Prerequisites: Successful completion of SAN-1002 

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu / Sri Srinath Chakravarthy

Quarter Offered: Fall 2020

Start Date: September 23rd, 2020

End Date: December 11th, 2020

Day: Every Wednesday & Friday

Time: 09:00 pm  EST -10:30pm EST

Orientation to Hindu Studies

An overview and insight into the design of the curriculum offered by the Hindu University of America. A survey of the central ideas of Hinduism – covering an Ontology of key Sanskrit terms and the principal ideas that are central to the cosmology, practice, and expressions of Sanatana Dharma. The course – orientation to Hindu studies- will include reflections and perspectives on these core concepts, using selected readings from source texts such as the Vedas, Upaniṣhads, Sutras, Itihaasa, Bhagavad-Gītā, Purāṇas and Dharma-Śhāstras. The Hindu world-view based on Dharma with its emphasis on duties and responsibilities and sustainability of life will be contrasted with contemporary ideologies and their focus on rights and privileges, competition and survival of the fittest. The distinction between a discourse of knowledge and a discourse of power will be drawn out. 

In this course students will be able to: 

  1. Explore various options and trajectories available within the Hindu Studies Program
  2. Distinguish the central ideas and concepts that constitute the Foundations of Hindu Dharma; Reflect on the Hindu Studies Foundations area.
  3. Inquire into and evaluate different elective areas of study and Courses offered: Sanskrit Studies, Texts and Traditions, History and Method, Post-Colonial Hindu studies, and Conflict and Peace studies.
  4. Distinguish between pathways towards a deep study of Hindu thought, or towards deep engagement with western thought from a Hindu perspective
  5. Discover and Create customized pathways for engagement with the Hindu Studies curricula

Area of Study: Hindu Studies Foundations

Prerequisites: This course is a recommended prerequisite for all students who wish to enter into the Graduate program.

Faculty / Instructor:  Kalyan Viswanathan (along with others) 

Day:- Every Thursday

Start Date:- 24 September 2020

End Date:- 10 December 2020

Time:- 9:00 -10:00 pm EST

Quarter: Fall 2020

Prefixes, Compounds, Sanskrit Maxims & Analogies

Course Content

  1. Prefixes / upasargas
  2. 4 types of sandhis (anunAsika-sandhi, anusvAra-sandhi, parasavarNa-sandhi, and visarga-sandhi)
  3. Prose order (anvaya-krama)
  4. Idiom (laukeeka-nyAya) – pankha-prakShAlaNa-nyAya
  5. Common sayings / proverbs
  6. Writing simple essays in Sanskrit

Learning Objectives: In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Synthesize prefixes and suffixes to enhance vocabulary;
  • Integrate more complex conjugates in sentence structure;
  • Critique the meanings behind key maxims and analogies; and
  • Produce stories and essays incorporating the above concepts.

Required / Elective: Required 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Program of Study: Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP)

Prerequisites: Successful completion of SAN-2003 

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu / Sri Srinath Chakravarthy 

Quarter Offered: Winter 2022

Start Date: TBD

End Date: TBD

Day: TBD

Time: TBD

Sanskrit Grammatical Structures and Verses

Course Content

  1. The fifth declension / Ablative case for pronouns
  2. Introduction to Ayurveda
  3. The sixth declension / Genitive case, the ktavatu usage, gerunds
  4. Introduction to BhAgavatam
  5. Wise sayings and their meanings in Sanskrit
  6. The seventh declension / Locative case

Learning Objectives: In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Analyze noun and verb structures of verses and proverbs;
  • Recognize passages from popular Sanskrit texts; and
  • Paraphrase using grammatically correct Sanskrit.

Required / Elective: Required 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies 

Program of Study:  Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP)

Prerequisites: Successful completion of SAN-1003 

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu / Sri Srinath Chakravarthy 

Quarter Offered: Winter 2021

Start Date: January 6th, 2021

End Date: March 19th, 2021

Day: Every Wednesday & Friday

Time: 9:00-10:30pm EST

Sanskrit Poetry, Literature, Writings, and Biographies

Course Content

  1. Vidhiling lakAra, tavyat, aneeyar usages
  2. 4 types of sandhis (yAntavAntAdesha-sandhi, pUrvarUpa-sandhi, shchutva-sandhi, and jashtva-sandhi)
  3. Prose order (anvaya-krama)
  4. Maxims and Analogies (laukeeka-nyAya) – sthAlipulAka-nyAya, ghaTTakuTeeprabhAta-nyAya
  5. Introduction to 3 great poets of Sanskrit literature (bANa, gangAdevee, tirumalAmbA)
  6. Letter writing in Sanskrit

Learning Objectives: In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Construct phrases with additional tenses and conjugates;
  • Examine important proverbs embedded in the literature;
  • Create correspondence via standard letter writing norms; and
  • Inquire further into biographies of poets and litterateurs.

Required / Elective: Required 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Program of Study: Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP)

Prerequisites: Successful completion of SAN-2002 

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu / Sri Srinath Chakravarthy 

Quarter Offered: Fall 2021

Start Date: TBD

End Date: TBD

Day: TBD

Time: TBD

Sanskrit Pronunciation, Simple Words and Phrases

Course Content

  1. Study and use of the DevanAgari script, Origin of the sounds, Pronunciations
  2. Simple introductions and greetings
  3. Pronouns (sarvanAmapadAni), Persons (puruShAH), Numbers (vachanAni), and Gender (lingAH)
  4. Indeclinables (avyayAni)
  5. Simple conversations
  6. Numbers in Sanskrit, 1 through 100
  7. Common verbs
  8. Interrogative words
  9. Introduction to the simple present tense and the past tense
  10. Direct addressing (sambodhanam) – the Vocative case
  11. Expanding the vocabulary through nouns, pronouns, and verbs

Learning Objectives: In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Articulate the fundamental sounds that comprise Sanskrit pronunciation;
  • Recognize common Sanskrit words and phrases;
  • Discover building blocks of the language through everyday conversation; and
  • Identify and use basic structures like numbers, tenses, simple verbs, and other parts of speech.

Required / Elective: Required 

Program of Study: Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP) 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Prerequisites: Admission into the Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP) 

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu / Sri Srinath Chakravarthy 

Quarter Offered: Fall

Start Date: TBD

End Date: TBD

Day: Every Saturday & Sunday

Time: 9:00-10:30pm EST

Tenses, Parts of speech, Poetry Analysis in Sanskrit

Course Content

  1. Introduction to lakAra, especially the 4 important ones
  2. The sambodhanam declension / Vocative case
  3. Use of some prepositions and their associated declensions
  4. How to rearrange a shloka to understand the verse meaning
  5. Adjectives and their genders

Learning Objectives:  In this course, students will be able to: 

  • Identify and utilize tenses, cases, and parts of speech;
  • Recognize various adjectives and associated genders;
  • Interpret poetic verses and define their prose order; and
  • Compose stories and conduct conversations in detail.

Required / Elective: Required 

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Program of Study: Certificate Program in Sanskrit Proficiency (CP SP) 

Prerequisites: Successful completion of SAN-1004

Faculty / Instructor: Sri Chandrashekhar Raghu / Sri Srinath Chakravarthy 

Quarter Offered: Spring 2021

Start Date: TBD

End Date: TBD

Day: TBD

Time: TBD

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