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Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Basic

Two distinct systems of classification of world phenomena, i.e. ontologies have emerged from the Vedic thought called Nyāya and Vaiśeṣika. They form the fundamental bedrock for all Indic knowledge traditions. Originating from the sūtras of Gotama and Kaṇāda, these systems developed sound and systematic logic and reasoning and substantially influenced the trajectory of logic and reason and their use within the world of Hindu knowledge systems. The evolution of the Navya-nyāya system and its eventual merger with the Vaiśeṣika system of thought was a later development.

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Course Code: SAN 6104

Credit Hours: 3

Course Level: 500

Two distinct systems of classification of world phenomena, i.e. ontologies have emerged from the Vedic thought called Nyāya and Vaiśeṣika. They form the fundamental bedrock for all Indic knowledge traditions. Originating from the sūtras of Gotama and Kaṇāda, these systems developed sound and systematic logic and reasoning and substantially influenced the trajectory of logic and reason and their use within the world of Hindu knowledge systems. The evolution of the Navya-nyāya system and its eventual merger with the Vaiśeṣika system of thought was a later development.

Registration for this course is not open yet

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Description

Course Content:

This course examines the evolutionary stages of the Nyāya system of thought from its ancient (prācīna) origins to its recent (navya) form, in the process incorporating the Vaiśeṣika ontology into its system.

In this course students will be able to:

  1. Understand the evolving nature of the use of logic and reason within various technical Indic knowledge systems
  2. Appreciate the elaborate cognition-centric approach in Indic knowledge systems which emphasized logical reasoning and validation and mechanisms of expression
  3. Distinguish and apply the classification schema at the heart of the Nyāya system on other Vedic and Indic knowledge systems

Area of Study: Sanskrit Studies

Required / Elective: Required

Prerequisites:  Admission into the Masters Certificate or MA in Sanskrit Program

Faculty / Instructor:  Prof M. A. Alwar

Quarter Offered:  TBD

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