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The Vedas (Yajus-Sāma)

Vedic texts constitute the foundation of the worldview and way of life that informs Hindu life and culture. Like the other Vedas, Yajurveda and Sāmaveda are also structured into sections called Saṁhitā (verses in praise of Vedic devatās or deities), Brāhmaṇa (ritual practice or liturgy), Āraṇyaka (the link between ritual and spiritual expositions) and Upaniṣad (spiritual and philosophical expositions or exegesis). The Yajurveda consists of mantras or yajus that detail the ritual procedure associated with various yajña-s i.e. offerings and oblations towards deities performed using a sacred fire and discuss the classification, purpose, and consequences of such ritual action. The Sāmaveda consists of mantras called sāman-s, that are musical in nature, used to praise the deities extolled in the Vedas.

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Course Code: SAN 7101

Credit Hours: 3

Course Level: 700

Vedic texts constitute the foundation of the worldview and way of life that informs Hindu life and culture. Like the other Vedas, Yajurveda and Sāmaveda are also structured into sections called Saṁhitā (verses in praise of Vedic devatās or deities), Brāhmaṇa (ritual practice or liturgy), Āraṇyaka (the link between ritual and spiritual expositions) and Upaniṣad (spiritual and philosophical expositions or exegesis). The Yajurveda consists of mantras or yajus that detail the ritual procedure associated with various yajña-s i.e. offerings and oblations towards deities performed using a sacred fire and discuss the classification, purpose, and consequences of such ritual action. The Sāmaveda consists of mantras called sāman-s, that are musical in nature, used to praise the deities extolled in the Vedas.

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Description

Course content:

The course provides an overview of the features and contents of the Yajurveda and Sāmaveda as well as illustrations from the Saṁhitā, Brāhmaṇa, Āraṇyaka and Upaniṣad sections, that show how they differ from each other. The various musical svara-s (intonations) of the Sāmaveda are also featured in this course.

In this course students will be able to:

  1. Understand the arrangement of mantras in the Yajur and Sāma Vedas as well as an overview of their content
  2. Understand the Vedic worldview through its philosophy of life
  3. Recognize the variation and divergence of Vedic and classical Sanskrit language
  4. Distinguish the convergence and divergence in nature, features, form, content, structure, and utility of the four Vedas, with regards to Vedic practices.

Area of Study:- Sanskrit Studies

Required / Elective: Elective

Prerequisites: Completion of the course “Introduction to the Vedas”

Faculty / Instructor:  Prof M A Alwar, Prof. Ramanujacharya

Quarter Offered:  TBD

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